Types of Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are classified into two categories – functional and non-functional. Non-functional cysts are also known as cystic neoplasms.

  • Functional Cysts – develop as a result of ovulation, when an ovarian follicle fails to rupture and the follicle continues to grow. Because they are part of the body’s normal physiological process, they are identified as functional cysts. Another type of functional cyst is known as a corpus luteum cyst. These cysts develop when eggs are released from the follicle.
  • Non-functional cysts – are formed from neoplastic growths. Most of these cysts occur in premenopausal women; however, the risk of malignancy increases in postmenopausal women. The most common type of nonfunctional cysts, known as desmoid cysts, are typically benign.

It’s important to understand the difference between cysts and tumors in the ovaries. The US Library of Medicine advises that functional ovarian cysts are different than ovarian tumors. The symptoms and prognosis between cysts and tumors is usually varied. For example, many cysts don’t create pain; conversely, tumors frequently cause discomfort and pain in the pelvic area.